We hope that the twelfth edition of Encartes will awaken critical and informed reflections on some topics that are the subject of academic controversy and that should be open to debate. We also hope that its contents will invite you to read the results of research on various topics to which the social sciences have much to contribute.
Vol. 6, No. 12 (2023)
Beyond Decoloniality: Discussion of Some Key Concepts
- David Lehmann
This essay’s objective is to review some key concepts for initiating a discussion between theoretical approaches of decoloniality and universalism. To do this, the author takes up some empirical cases to exemplify and sustain his thesis based on the idea that indigenous and Afrodescendant movements are as important as democratizing movements are inside and outside their fields of action.
Toward the Creation of New Paradigms for Research into Diversity by Latin American Universities
- Regina Martínez Casas
The Other Voices of Decolonialism. Comments on “beyond Decoloniality: Discussion of Some Key Concepts,” by David Lehmann
- José Eduardo Zárate Hernández
Political Identities and Democracy of Indigenous Communities, Contributions to a Discussion of Heterogeneity
- Edgar Esquit
Biographies in the Cinematic Realism Of Werner Herzog. Discourse for Remembering and Thinking about the Present
- Fabiola Alcala Anguiano
Cinematic realism is fed by reality to reflect on it. It is distinguished from traditional documentaries because it does not claim to be objective. Werner Herzog has made more than 50 realism films, and among them are found a series of portraits of extraordinary characters. This text examines two of these: Meeting Gorbachev and Nomad: In the Footsteps of Bruce Chatwin. Both films seek to tell a biographical story that has implications for the present. This study sets out to reflect on the ways of remembering, on the interview, and on performance in cinematic realism. The study is divided into parts of rhetoric –arguments, arrangement, and figures of speech– to see how these stories are shaped by the German filmmaker.
Normalizing the Revolution: Teachers and Students in Guerrero’s Universidad Pueblo
- Rafael Alarcón and Ana Lilia Nieto
Keywords: common space of experience, Guerrero, Mexico, normalistas, Universidad Pueblo.
This work analyzes the political-educational project of the Universidad Pueblo in Guerrero state during the 1970s. Using the ideas of Walter Benjamin and Reinhart Koselleck, we argue that this project can be understood as a common space of experience articulated through political ideas, educational practices, and student movements in the recollections of professors and students. We suggest that the diverse layers of historical experience of teacher-training professors is a catalyst sparking off today, giving origin to one of the most contradictory and interesting practices in popular higher education in Mexico in the 20th century. This research is supported by in-depth interviews in 2018 and 2019 in Acapulco and Chilpancingo in Guerrero state.
Sweet saints: devotions to Cosmas and Damian in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
- Renata Menezes, Morena Freitas and Lucas Bártolo
The essay reproduces a synthetic version of the virtual exhibition “Doces santos: as devoções a Cosme e Damião no Rio de Janeiro”, originally exposed on the Instagram of our anthropology laboratory, Ludens. It is one of the results of a long-term collective anthropological research on the devotion to the twin saints Cosmas and Damian, which in Rio de Janeiro is characterized by the distribution of bags full of sweets and candies to children every September 27 or on upcoming dates. This work seeks to understand the relations of reciprocity, interreligious relations and urban flows articulated by the celebration of saints from the perspective of the people who make it possible.
The awareness of being looked at: giving a view of the tianguis stall
- Frances Paola Garnica Quiñones
This photographic essay shows the process of dar vista, a stall presentation practice composed of certain aesthetic elements that allows a crucial communication flow with other market actors to assure its continuity. This shows the importance of the materiality and visuality of the stall both in its aesthetic production and the affectivities and values associated with it and that result in a visual market language. This essay is derived from the ethnographic work carried out in 2012 and 2013 in collaboration with Ruta 8, one of the associations of merchants registered in the Market on Wheels program coordinated by Mexico City’s Secretariat of Economic Development.
Interview with Colombian anthropologist and documentary filmmaker Felipe Paz, director of the medium-length film "Putchi Pu".
- Felipe Paz
- Mauricio Sánchez Álvarez
Keywords: Colombia, ethno-fiction, La Guajira, palabrero, Putchi Pu, wayúu.
Felipe Paz is an independent Colombian anthropologist and documentary filmmaker, with a very extensive career having made cultural videos and also worked in the mass media in Colombia and Venezuela. His medium-length film Putchi Pu can be described as collaborative ethno-fiction, as it portrays how conflicts are settled among the Wayúu people. Putchi Pu makes visible the figure of the indigenous "palabrero" and his role in the peaceful resolution of conflicts.
Continuing the conversation: anthropologies of management, tutelary powers and horizontality. An interview with la Negra (María Gabriela) Lugones
- María Gabriela Lugones
- Mario Rufer
This interview with María Gabriela Lugones explores the concept of "continued conversation" as a fundamental discursive genre that avoids the crystallization of meaning and creates an "intersection" between the text and the reader or listener. Lugones, a leading scholar with a background in History and Social Anthropology, shares her unique experiences and perspectives. Originally from Santiago del Estero, Argentina, her focus is on the relationship between management and pedagogy in governmental contexts, and her research seeks to understand the production of subjectivities in relation to forms of state subjection.
Perspectivism: a theory from the point of view of otherness?
- Gabriel Luis Bourdin and Olivia Kindl
- moderator Arturo Gutierrez del Angel
For some, perspectivism is a revolution in anthropological thought, while for others it is not a theory, but rather an ideology forged by bringing into the arena of discussion old, unearthed and outdated paradigms that were long ago superseded.
Reptilians and other beliefs in covid-19 times: a written ethnography in Chiapas.
Enriqueta Lerma RodríguezMexico, Dirección General de Divulgación de las Humanidades, Centro de Investigaciones Multidisciplinarias sobre Chiapas y la Frontera Sur y Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 289p.
Religion, conspiracy theories and pandemic in southern Mexico
- Alejandro Rodríguez López
The Reptilians is an ethnographic study that explores in detail how the pandemic intensified the circulation of explanations based on complex narratives that either distanced or articulated religious beliefs, scientific information and intergalactic conspiracies, all seen from the crucible of contemporary global culture, which mobilizes multiple symbolic goods through digital communication channels.
Black Skin, White Masks
Isaac Julien , 1995, England and France, Normal Films
Frantz Fanon, a man without masks
- Blanca Cardenas
The docudrama Black Skin, White Masks, directed by Isaac Julien in 1995, presents the racist panorama that prevailed in the first half of the 20th century, based on a journey through emblematic moments in the life of Frantz Fanon, a prominent psychiatrist and intellectual whose reflections are at the foundation of contemporary critical theories and the rise of post-colonialist views.
Hugo Jose Suarez Mexico: Coordinación de Humanidades, UNAM, 2022, 414 pp.
Paris on a daily basis: a personal and sociological diary
- Gilda Waldman
Hugo José Suárez can also transform the personal diary - an intimate and reserved refuge, hidden and profound, self-reflective and risky - into a new sociological gaze through an act of free writing, which proceeds almost gropingly and without arriving at certain and absolute conclusions. This is the case of Paris a diario, recently published by the Coordination of Humanities of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM).