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Comment to the colloquium "Inequalities and the re-politicization of the social in Latin America" by
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- Juan Pablo Pérez Sáinz
Inequality is always political
- Luis Reygadas
Keywords: social action, social inequality, distribution, power, politics, redistribution.
ANDhis reflection on Juan Pablo Pérez Sáinz's proposal regarding the consequences and responses of subaltern groups to inequality -which he explores in migration, violence, religiosity and collective action-, appreciates that it places the discussion on social inequality in Latin America back at the center. Reygadas proposes several reflections on the relationship between social actions and inequality. He points out that social disparities are not enough to explain the responses on which Pérez Sáinz focuses. That it is necessary to conceive that the reproduction of persistent inequalities occurs in the long term, while social action has a short-term impact and, in addition, transformations are required in other links of this chain of reproduction. Finally, he qualifies Pérez Sáinz's emphasis on the distribution of basic markets (land, labor and capital), since from Reygadas's perspective, the locus of inequality is also found in redistribution, through progressive fiscal structures, in the economy and politics, markets, society and public institutions, as well as in material distribution and symbolic configurations.