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Articles about "Brazil"
Debates on Cultural Heritage and the Commercialization of Collective Expressions
- Aura Cumes
- Jesús Antonio Machuca Ramírez
- Suely Kofes
- Xóchitl Eréndira Zolueta Juan
- moderator Rachel Barber
In the last decade, a wave of accusations has been launched against brands and companies for using cultural elements of indigenous groups. In Mexico, several cases have had considerable resonance: the complaint by the Mixe community of Tlahuitoltepec against the French company Isabel Marant for copying its Xaam nïxuy blouse; the protest by the Secretary of Culture, Alejandra Frausto, against the fashion house of Carolina Herrera for the use of embroidery from Tenango de Doria and the sarape from Saltillo; and on three different occasions the fashion clothing company Zara has been accused of plagiarism for using designs from Aguacatenango, Chiapas.
Populism and religion in Brazil and Mexico. A brief reflection
- Alberto Javier Olvera Rivera
Keywords: Brazil, Mexico, Pentecostalism, populism, people.
Se analyze the relationship between populism, religion and politics, both on a theoretical level and in the cases of Brazil and Mexico. It begins with a critique of Joanildo Burity's article on "the Pentecostal people" in Brazil and the relevance of using Laclau's theory of populism to explain this phenomenon. The same arguments are then used to analyze, as a contrast, contemporary Mexican populism, embodied in President Andrés Manuel López Obrador, highlighting its religious background.
Conservative Evangelicals And Politics: Some Lessons In The Case Of Brazil
- Geoffrey Pleyers
Keywords: Brazil, conservatism, evangelicals, neo-pentecostals, religion and politics, evangelical vote.
[drpcap]C[/dropcap]onservative religious actors assumed a growing political prominence in Brazil and contributed to the election of Jair Bolsonaro. Complementing the political lessons of this rise, this article focuses on four analytical lessons. The first section challenges the idea of an "evangelical vote." The second part disputes the relevance of religious affiliation as a central analytical category for apprehending the phenomenon. The third part recalls that a central factor in this political rise is to be found in an eschatological shift. The fourth section questions the radical opposition between progressive governments and conservative religious actors.
The evangelical people: hegemonic construction, minority disputes and conservative reaction
- Joanildo Burity
Latin American evangelical politics can be seen, in Laclauian terms, as a construction of the people. More precisely, as the construction of the evangelical people, a minority with demands and a voice of its own in a “Catholic” continent of secular states. It is an evangelical construction of a country’s people in contexts in which evangelicals are considered a sociopolitical force with hegemonic aspirations. However, this double narrative has become complicated in recent years in the rough seas of the so-called conservative wave. A prominent alliance between the political far-right, neoliberalism and the parliamentary and pastoral evangelical elite reverberates from Brazil, which creates serious issues for the expectations of a pluralist impact of the public evangelical presence.
What is the “gender ideology” ?: social and political transformations in Brazil based on the appropriation of a discursive strategy
- Maria das Dores Campos Machado
- Karina Bárcenas Barajas
This interview constitutes an important approach to understand the origin of the term “gender ideology” as a discursive elaboration created by the Catholic Church to stop the advances of the feminist agenda and sexual diversity. In this conversation, Maria das Dores Campos Machado reveals how this strategy, of Catholic origin, was used by evangelical deputies and senators in Brazil as a counteroffensive to the gender perspective in public policies, which, in turn, diverted attention from various practices of religious intolerance that placed Pentecostal groups and actors at the center of public opinion.