Transnationalism and the Rupture With Epistemological Nationalism

Receipt: June 6, 2022

Acceptance: June 13, 2022

Peggy Levitt is one of the most important contributors to the transnational theoretical and methodological approach in migration, culture and religion studies; she is also an international reference in raising awareness of the challenges that current global mobility imposes on social protection systems.

Levitt granted us a virtual interview on January 18, 2022 from his home, during a time of severe health restrictions due to the pandemic. During the conversation -which he generously insisted to be conducted in Spanish- he reflected on his contributions to different areas of research, in which several threads can be seen that bring us closer to his vast work to discover the consistency of the look he has developed throughout his academic and citizen trajectory.

During the interview, Peggy describes her early research on Latin American migrants in the United States and explains how she developed a methodology based on tracking transnational trajectories and looking for connections. She also talks about how this methodology has become a lens that constantly questions what is visible and what is invisible in different sites and at different scales of observation; she also highlights the importance of humility and openness in each field situation in the face of the risks of a superficial gaze. He also proposes a link between the analysis of the transnational field with attention to its inequalities, and the flow of production and circulation of knowledge between the North and the South; he proposes a "decolonization of decoloniality" through transnational and comparative empirical studies on the processes of insertion of different countries in the global sphere of art and culture.

Peggy Lewitt shares with us her current collective initiative called The Global (De)Centre, which analyzes the dynamics of power and competition in the management of knowledge, art and culture, with the purpose of generating new ethos inclusive and collaborative for the next generations. He reflects on the importance of moving away from "methodological nationalism" not only in the production of knowledge, but also in the social contract that circumscribes the responsibility of protecting citizens to their country of origin. He advocates a cosmopolitan attitude that, instead of constituting itself as a supposed universalism that erases differences, recognizes them, listens to them and is ready to take action and responsibility in an increasingly interconnected world.

Cristina Gutierrez Zuniga holds a PhD in Social Sciences and is a member of the National System of Researchers. She is a professor-researcher at the University of Guadalajara. Her research topics revolve around contemporary religiosity with special attention to the transnationalization of religious practices and the processes of diversification and religious pluralism in Mexico. She is currently working on a project on religious diversity in public schools, and collaborates in communication projects to promote religious pluralism.

Recently published in the project Reconfiguring religious identities. Analysis of the National Survey on Religious Beliefs and Practices, Encreer, 2016.4 volumes, which he coordinated with Renée de la Torre and Alberto Hernández, and published by ciesas/colef (2021). She approached Peggy Levitt's work in the process of researching the transnationalization of the Aztec conchero dance, the result of which was published in the book, together with Renée de la Torre, Same steps and new paths. Transnationalization of the Aztec Conchero dance.. Zapopan: El Colegio de Jalisco/.ciesas, 2017. She is founder of the Network of Researchers of the Religious Phenomenon in Mexico (rifrem) and a member of its advisory body.

Peggy Levitt is a professor in the Department of Sociology at Wellesley College, Massachusetts, and co-director of the Politics and Social Change Workshop at the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs at Harvard University. Her extensive output includes the following milestones: her first book was published in 2001, The Transnational Villagers. In 2007 he wrote a book of great significance in the field of migration and religion studies: God Needs No Passport: How Immigrants are Changing the American Religious Landscape.. And, in 2015, his book came out about another cultural institution fundamental to understanding nationalism in times of globalization in museums called. Artifacts and Allegiances: How Museums Put the Nation and the World on Display. It is important to mention the article published, together with Nina Glick Shiller, in 2004: "Transnational Perspectives on Migration: Conceptualizing Simultaneity", which is one of the most cited globally for its theoretical and methodological relevance in transnational studies.


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EncartesVol. 7, No. 13, March 2024-September 2024, is an open access digital academic journal published biannually by the Centro de Investigaciones y Estudios Superiores en Antropología Social, Calle Juárez, No. 87, Col. Tlalpan, C. P. 14000, México, D. F., Apdo. Postal 22-048, Tel. 54 87 35 70, Fax 56 55 55 76, El Colegio de la Frontera Norte, A. C.., Carretera Escénica Tijuana-Ensenada km 18.5, San Antonio del Mar, No. 22560, Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico, Tel. +52 (664) 631 6344, Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Occidente, A.C., Periférico Sur Manuel Gómez Morin, No. 8585, Tlaquepaque, Jalisco, Tel. (33) 3669 3434, and El Colegio de San Luis, A. C., Parque de Macul, No. 155, Fracc. Colinas del Parque, San Luis Potosi, Mexico, Tel. (444) 811 01 01. Contact: Director of the journal: Ángela Renée de la Torre Castellanos. Hosted at Responsible for the last update of this issue: Arthur Temporal Ventura. Date last modified: March 25, 2024.